When we talk about education, we cannot avoid two most critical components of learning and teaching. We should always consider emotional and mental attitudes to educational process. Successful education presupposes cognitive improvement of learners against creative background of mental and emotional motivations. Nowadays particular attention is paid to types of teaching and assessment of knowledge acquisition. It is excellent to find and recognize talented students at the earliest stages of educational process and make them to achieve their purposes in the utmost effective way. In this context, it is difficult to overvalue the investigations in the regions of memory, motivations, and emotions. No less important can be students’emotional attitude to learning and teaching. Here such factor as college humor plays a significant part.
Principles and values in education
Those teachers who keep to the right principles and values in education get useful multifaceted support in their professional work, helping them to produce practical activity most efficient and causing enlightenment of the pupils. There are sciences such as for example psychology, sociology, and philosophy that produce particular contribution to assisting in logical investigation of behavior and attitudes of the students. The present day education demonstrates the resurgence of interest to these disciplines becoming the inseparable part of most top quality educational programs. Educationalists accumulated significant amount of understanding of learning processes, individual reaction to teaching, and educational prospects.
Educational psychology and mental method of teaching
Numerous mental approaches to teaching presuppose that education must develop such qualities as intellect and correct attitudes to knowledge keeping to everlasting values. A good choice of the right material clarifies your brain and increases intellectual potential. The training is grounded on replication and committing to memory. Intellectual potential of the teacher in this instance plays particularly significant part. However, in this way of teaching also takes into consideration psychological options that come with young students. The mental approach understands your brain as an array of comparatively autonomous abilities a course in miracles free. The principles of this process value such qualities as reason, feelings, knowledge, duty, sound judgment, perception, and action. School subjects are valued for what they are worth of and for what abilities they develop.
How nature helps to produce emotional attitude to learning
People are caused by natural development and the teacher must create the very best conditions for mental and emotional growth. The student’s personal experience becomes central and educational process should offer the absolute most suitable conditions for the development. In this instance particular attention is paid to action and skills. Teachers want encourage interest to learning with particular reliance upon student’s proper forces and resources, and with particular focus on impulsive, impromptu creativity.
Reflexes and associations in learning and teaching
Learning to distinguish objects, terms, symbols, and the words of spanish, as a matter of fact, is the process of forming conditional reflexes. In this instance the learner creates the equipment to solve problems. Learning becomes an energetic process helping to cope with further tasks. Moreover, not just the mental abilities, but in addition the emotions might be developed in this way. One can experience emotional arousal even in broader than original associated circumstances. Experts affirm that college humor may become useful contributing emotional component using this standpoint. These approaches can also explain positive and negative attitudes of students to learning and educational institutions. Learning also presupposes creating of associations between various constituents. Mental and emotional activity makes some ideas conscious at once sending other thoughts to subconsciousness. New information is associated with old ones forming the basis for associative thinking. Moreover, old associations can also undergo transformations owing to new experience.
Gestalt psychology and education
Gestalt psychologists affirm that the whole is more compared to the simple sum of the composing elements. The training presupposes assimilation of those components that be seemingly most critical with subsequent reconsideration. This multi-level structural approach can result in understanding and solution of varied problems. The Gestalt approach attracts focus on the thought of the whole, the relations of the composing elements, and modifications of mental structures by way of adaptation and adjustment.
Developmental stages and power of knowledge
Educationalists mention to the developmental stages of mental and emotional growth. The teacher must detect the learner’s capabilities and offer suitable resources and techniques to produce them. The growth through various intellectual stages as well as active experience is essential. Cognitive approach pays particular focus on the way in which of thinking in acquiring knowledge. Perception and action go before the capacity to operate with symbols and pave the way in which for comprehensive thinking. Thinking presupposes the encouragement of intellectual awareness, play with ideas, choosing of suitable suggestions, and substantiation of appropriateness. The incentive to cognitive education may be the direct consequence of the learner’s intellectual aspirations and efforts.